As technology enables work to be done anywhere, there has been an increasing trend toward mobile offices. With access to a power source for charging a laptop computer, printer, or other electronics, the office environment can be fully functional in a vehicle.
“Fleets are recognizing that when their employees aren’t in an office environment multiple times a week, they still need some type of working environment,” says Joe Foster, national account sales manager at Auto Truck Group, a vehicle upfitter and truck equipment manufacturer. “A company could remove an employee’s office space completely and have a mobile office instead.”
Today, mobile office functionality isn’t limited to vans — some mobility features are also being used in sedans and trucks.
“Approximately 25% of our mobile customers work out of their cars while the rest work out of small or large vans,” says Jill Clark, president of Ergonomic Solutions, a provider of ergonomic furniture for mobile offices.
A mobile office is a broad concept and can encompass everything from using wireless smartphones and tablets to setting up a mobile desk in the back seat of a sedan or truck to mounting a desk and chair in the back of a van.
Mobile Office Type
Will a fleet implement a lighter version of mobility or invest in upfitting the vehicle with office equipment or other customizations?
Some fleets provide the minimum: power to charge laptops, portable printers, and smartphones, according to Foster, while others might provide a mobile desk or laptop stand. The next level is a full mobile office with a mounted desk and chair, for which a cargo van or large truck is best suited.
Foster breaks mobile offices into two segments: heavy duty and lighter duty.
The lighter-duty application is more about ergonomic benefits, such as workspace for on-site insurance claims adjusters. It usually includes a comfortable chair, a desk with space for a laptop and printer, and storage drawers or baskets.
The heavy-duty side is used more as a command center at a work site for industries such as railroad, construction, and utilities, according to Foster. These types of mobile offices are usually created in heavy-duty vehicles like class 6 or 7 trucks and include more storage options for work equipment and tools.
Mobile offices can also be distinguished as functional or luxurious. In contrast to the bare-bones version, “The executive conversions are built almost like a private jet on wheels,” says Aaron Lane, director of marketing at Creative Mobile Interiors (CMI), a custom coach company. “It can include satellite TV and a cold drink dispenser. It’s more of an executive lounge where you can also get work done.”
“The mobile office essentially becomes the employee’s office away from their office,” says Joe Langhauser, General Motors’ commercial product manager of vans. “Fleet drivers need a vehicle that can substitute as an office where they can store documents as well as their technology.”
Nissan’s NV and NV200 vans, and Ford’s Transit Connect, provide another function for the passenger seat — it folds flat.
“On the back of the passenger seat’s surface, we designed a working desk area,” says Mark Namuth, Nissan’s senior manager of commercial vehicles.
One of Ford’s Transit van’s options — the Builders Prep Package on the passenger wagon — strips out the seats and leaves the trim, climate control (air conditioning and heating), LED lights, and back windows. This leaves space for an upfitter to add a desk and other equipment to the back, says Yaro Hetman, Ford’s brand manager for the Transit, Transit Connect, and E-Series vans.
“When we designed the Transit, we made sure that the walls and configurations have specific mounting points for racks, shelves, and bins,” says Hetman. “Our upfitters will use those connection points to add the equipment.”
The Chevrolet Express and City Express vans come standard with reinforced mounting points with cargo hooks, according to Langhauser, which can be used to tie down equipment or upfit the cargo area to resemble a workspace.
OEMs are also starting to provide extra power as a standard or an option, such as 12-volt, 110-volt, and 120-volt power outlets.
For greater power needs, Chevrolet offers an optional second isolated battery that can be used as another power source when the vehicle isn’t running, says Langhauser. The Transit offers the AGM battery as an option, says Hetman.
The NV and NV200 have a battery disconnect feature that will automatically shut down if the battery gets below the voltage to start the vehicle, according to Namuth.
Storage is another key element to an organized workspace — and it’s not limited to the cargo vans. The NV’s center console contains a hanging folder feature that holds a full-size laptop. The center console in Ford’s 2017 Super Duty trucks can hold two laptops and store file folders, says Hetman.
Another new trend is Wi-Fi connectivity through a 4G-enabled mobile hotspot. GM’s OnStar 4G connection allows passengers to connect to the high speed wireless internet, according to Rich Martinek, GM’s senior manager, Global Connected Customer.
For more customized mobile offices, fleets turn to upfitters and customizers. Leggett & Platt has mobile office configurations for both small and full-size cargo van models.
“Mobile offices used to only be in the large vans, but they are transferring into the smaller vans because equipment is getting more compact,” says Jenn Voelker, director of product development and engineering for Leggett & Platt.
On the full-size cargo vans, most of Leggett & Platt’s customers prefer to use a passenger van because it has full windows that provide better lighting, according to Voelker. Passenger van models also tend to provide air conditioning to the back rows.
Leggett & Platt’s mobile office package includes a desk, chair, flooring, security system, and power — usually an inverter — to charge technology equipment. Computers can be stored in a mounted docking solution or cradle while printers are secured in a printer stand, says Voelker.
The mobile office layout depends on the van’s size. “In the full-size vans, we typically install the desk near the wall,” says Voelker. “For the compact vans, installing the desk in the rear typically provides the most room. It’s easiest to access the desk since you have doors on both sides.”
Auto Truck Group typically mounts the desk into the floor of the van. The desk — provided by Ergonomic Solutions — has space for a laptop and printer and contains drawers for folders. According to Foster, the chair sits on a sliding base, mounted to the floor. A custom bulkhead helps keep objects from flying forward.
American Family Mutual Insurance Co. wanted a mobile office setup for its claims adjusters without having to upfit their fleet vehicles.
“We used to have a desk mounted in the back of the van with a hard-wired inverter, but it took up to six months to get the van upfitted and back into the fleet,” says Brett Switzky, fleet, trucking, and records retention manager for American Family Mutual Insurance. “Plus, we found that we didn’t need a hard-wired inverter; the plug-in inverter gives enough power to run laptops, printers, and charge phones.”
The company tried a portable desk — with a power inverter — that could slide into its Dodge Caravan’s captain’s chair in the middle row. However, the desk was big and hard to maneuver, according to Switzky.
A few years later, American Family discovered Ergonomic Solutions’ lighter-weight portable desk, which could fit in its sedans, SUVs, and vans — with no drilling required.
“The mobile office idea is an advantage for our customers,” says Switzky. “The claims adjuster can go to the claim and provide a check for the customer on the spot using its laptop and printer. Adjusters don’t have to take their work home if they have a mobile office in their vehicle.”
American Family is starting to purchase Ergonomic Solutions’ sit/stand desk, which allows the adjuster to use the desk while sitting in the back seat or standing outside the vehicle, according to Switzky.
The sit/stand desk features a swing arm to put the laptop, a spot to attach a portable printer, and drawers for storage; it can be folded and locked when not in use.
“We took the principles of good ergonomics and applied them to a vehicle,” adds Clark. “We didn’t want people to have to sit twisted or turned in their seats while trying to work. Over time, those unnatural postures can cause aches and pains for employees.”
To reduce the chance of distracted driving, Clark only provides solutions for the back seat.
Customization to the Max
Mobile offices aren’t limited to just a desk and chair. Some upfitters customize a mobile office with everything from a TV to a conference center to a refreshment station.
When Ardent Communities wanted to create a leasing office for its new student housing community, there was no space on-site. “We ultimately decided to get a mobile leasing vehicle,” says Jeff French, director of sales and marketing. “This way, we can drive it, work from it, transport items, and take it anywhere we need it.”
With the help of CMI, a custom coach company, Ardent Communities’ idea of a customized mobile office came to life. Starting with an empty ProMaster, the interior now features a desk, chair, bench-style seating for prospective customers, and an area to showcase floor plans of available properties. To jazz up the exterior, CMI created a flip-up window with a TV and speakers — “we can showcase our properties on the TV,” says French.
CMI also helped C-SPAN create its customized mobile office vehicles. C-SPAN’s Ford Transit Connect vans serve as its offices when traveling to different cities to film.
“CMI customized the inside of our vans so we can store all of our equipment, including laptops, lighting gear, TV equipment, and cameras,” says Mark Farkas, executive producer and head of C-SPAN Cities Tour.
The back of each van features a storage unit that specifically keeps sensitive equipment safe in motion, according to Farkas.
In the middle section of the van, there is extra storage space and room for videographers to edit footage from the road. “We used to upfit the vans with small desks, but we found that most of the editing was being done at the hotel or back at the office in D.C.”
“We don’t have any standard packages,” says Lane of CMI. “If someone wants a mobile office, we will do it on any type of vehicle. It’s all personalized and customized.”